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Biomedical sciences

Biomedical sciences

Biomedical sciences are a set of applied sciences applying portions of natural science or formal science, or both, to develop knowledge, interventions, or technology that are of use in healthcare or public health. Such disciplines as medical microbiology, clinical virology, clinical epidemiology, genetic epidemiology, and biomedical engineering are medical sciences. In explaining physiological mechanisms operating in pathological processes, however, pathophysiology can be regarded as basic science.

Roles within healthcare science

There are at least 45 different specialisms within healthcare science, which are traditionally grouped into three main divisions:

  • specialisms involving life sciences
  • specialisms involving physiological science
  • specialisms involving medical physics or bioengineering

Life sciences specialties

  • Analytical toxicology
  • Anatomical pathology
  • Blood transfusion science
  • Cervical cytology
  • Clinical biochemistry
  • Clinical embryology
  • Clinical immunology
  • Electron microscopy
  • External quality assurance
  • Haematology
  • Haemostasis and thrombosis
  • Histocompatibility and immunogenetics
  • Histopathology and cytopathology
  • Molecular genetics and cytogenetics
  • Microbiology including mycology
  • Phlebotomy
  • Tissue banking/transplant
  • Virology

Physiological science specialisms

  • Audiology and hearing therapy
  • Autonomic neurovascular function
  • Cardiac physiology
  • Clinical perfusion
  • Critical care science
  • Gastrointestinal physiology
  • Neurophysiology
  • Ophthalmic and vision science
  • Respiratory and sleep physiology
  • Urology
  • Vascular science

Physics and bioengineering specialisms

  • Biomechanical engineering
  • Biomedical engineering
  • Clinical engineering
  • Clinical measurement
  • Diagnostic radiology
  • Equipment management
  • Maxillofacial prosthetics
  • Medical electronics
  • Medical engineering design
  • Medical illustration and clinical photography
  • Non-ionising radiation
  • Nuclear medicine
  • Radiopharmacy
  • Radiation protection and monitoring
  • Radiotherapy physics
  • Rehabilitation engineering
  • Renal technology and science
  • Ultrasound
Source : Wikipedia
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